Climate Services For
Risk Reduction in Africa



Overall Concept

African countries are among the most vulnerable to climate change and are amidst those around the world facing many shared challenges which require sustainable solutions. West Africa has some of the highest urbanization rates in the world, particularly in coastal areas. Currently, one African in three lives in an urban area, and projections indicate that by 2035, one African in two will live in an urban area (source: United Nations). As a result, an increasing number of young men migrate, leaving women on the farm to face all the disadvantages and challenges of climate change. Destructive impacts of climate change like heat waves, droughts, floods and increasingly severe storms are the primary culprits behind decreased farming output and rising hunger in the continent. Rural people are facing serious long-term degradation of natural resources. Desertification, deforestation, high levels of crop and livestock diseases and pests, and unreliable and erratic rainfall make both agriculture and livestock risky enterprises. Agricultural and livestock productivity is low, leading to chronic poverty, food insecurity, and malnutrition. Added to high demographic pressure, the occurrence of high-impact meteorological events in a context of climate change and variability, will cause considerable social, economic and environmental damage. In addition, low levels of preparedness and a lack of clearly defined response measures exacerbate the negative impacts associated with extreme weather and climate events. Most of these frequent and severe natural disasters are weather-related. Of these, droughts, epidemics and floods are responsible for 99% of all fatalities. Heavy rains, floods and landslides are becoming increasingly common along the Guinean coast. The impacts are often amplified by anthropogenic pressure, with populations settling in informal, non-acidified areas, which are often low-lying areas or former rivers that have dried up and flood rapidly in the event of heavy rains. Moreover, a recent increase in extreme rainfall and ensuing fluvial flood events have caused fatalities and they are the costliest natural disasters in most West African countries. Hence, the ongoing regional climate change in the Sahel is influencing environmental processes and human well-being in a multitude of ways depending on the landscape, societal, economic, and political structure, institutional framework, environmental enabling policies, actors’ knowledge, and ability to respond or adapt to changing and challenging historically grown conditions. To strengthen climate resilience in West Africa, better climate knowledge and services, including better early warning procedures, are required at regional and local levels both for Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation to Climate Change.

Following the examples of the recent European Climate Adaptation Conference and Climate Neutral Forum, it is proposed to organize:

In this context, a regular cycle of four webinars and a stocktaking meeting are foreseen at the regional level. To this aim, it is proposed to co-design such events with West African partners from three complementary angles (quoted KIC below):

The overall goals are to:

CS4RRA Events

STOCKTAKING CONFERENCE on Climate Services for Risk Reduction in West Africa (cs4rra)

International Conference Center, Banjul, The Gambia, 5-6 Nov. 2024, Banjul Time

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Improvement of early warning system and adaptation measures for disaster risk reduction

Uni. Lomé, Togo, 28 September 2023, Lomé time

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Climate And Environmental Services For Water Excess Management

Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, November 6th, 2023, 9h00-15h30 GMT

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Climate impacts and resilience under present and future scenarios

, Uni. C.A.D., Dakar, Senegal, 8 February 2024

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Climate-smart agriculture and sustainable landscapes

Uni. K.N., Kumasi, Ghana, 15 May 2024

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